Biology Research Guide
The purpose of the research guide is to introduce you to the process of literature search and familiarize you with a variety of sources available for you.
Imagine that your professor asked you to write a paper based on your search of published literature. He/she asked you to consult different information sources including journal/magazine/newspaper articles, books, government documents, as well as Internet resources.
First, select a topic that is of interest to you. If in doubt, talk to your instructor regarding a chosen topic. You might want to seek help from reference librarians who are knowledgeable about search strategies necessary for locating needed information.
As an initial step of your research, gather background information of your topic in general and/or specialized encyclopedias or dictionaries. These reference sources provide useful overviews of a topic and may include in their bibliographies resources you can further use in your paper. Then, search the CUNY online catalog or other catalogs to locate relevant books.
Encyclopedias and Dictionaries
- Encyclopedia of Evolution (Ref. QH360.2 .E54 2002, 2 vol.)
- Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology (Ref. QH506 .C74 1999, 4 vol.)
- Encyclopedia of Human Biology (Ref. QP11 .E53 1997)
- Encyclopedia of Life Sciences
Search for topics such as biochemistry, ecology, evolution, genetics, immunology, microbiology, morphology, and virology.
- Grzimek's animal life encyclopedia (Ref. QL7 .G7813 2003, 17 vol.)
- More than Darwin: An encyclopedia of the people and places of the evolution-creationism controversy (Ref. QH360.2 .M66 2008)
- The CUNY Catalog
- Search for books and other materials at the Queens College Libraries, as well as other CUNY libraries.
- Other Library Catalogs
- Search the library catalogs of regional libraries such as the Queens Library, Brooklyn Public Library, New York University, Columbia University, etc.
- WorldCat (OCLC Catalog)
- Search for books in the national catalog for the United States and Canada. This database includes holdings from libraries in other parts of the world, primarily European or English-speaking.
Search online databases or periodical indexes to identify journal articles, magazine and newspaper articles you want to read. You can find bibliographic citations to books, book chapters, as well as full text of some documents. Sometimes, searching one database is not enough. Search multiple databases to obtain the most comprehensive information. Most of the databases listed below are available for Queens College faculty and students through the library subscriptions and could be found on the QC Libraries Home page.
- Academic Search Complete
- ASC is a comprehensive source for scholarly journals in all academic disciplines. More than 8,000 publications are indexed, and full text is provided for 4500. Most are peer-reviewed. Searchable cited reference sources are provided for selected titles.
- BioOne contains 69 peer-reviewed bioscience journals, mainly in the fields of ecology, botany, and zoology. Founding organizations include the American Institute of Biological Sciences, Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, University of Kansas, Greater Western Library Alliance, and Allen Press Inc. Most of BioOne's current journals and back files are not available from other aggregators.
- Birds of North America
- Full-text essays providing life histories for all species of birds breeding in the United States and Canada.
- General Science Full Text
- General Science Full Text is the first place to look for answers to science-related questions. This database features full text, plus the graphs, charts, diagrams, photos, and illustrations that convey an abundance of scientific information. Note: Alternative access is available at WilsonWeb.
- Access to 500+ core journals in the arts, humanities, social sciences, and sciences. Cover-to-cover full-text from a journal's first issue until about five years ago.
- MEDLINE (EBSCO)
- Citations from Index Medicus, International Nursing Index, Index to Dental Literature, HISTLINE, SPACELINE, PREMEDLINE, AIDSLINE, BIOETHICSLINE, HealthSTAR, covering medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, health.
- Free access to biomedical information. Citations from Index Medicus, International Nursing Index, Index to Dental Literature, HISTLINE, SPACELINE, PREMEDLINE, AIDSLINE, BIOETHICSLINE, HealthSTAR, covering medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, health.
- Science Direct (Elsevier)
- Articles from over 900 journals in science, technology, and medicine.
- Science Citation Index Expanded/Web of Science
- Access to current and retrospective bibliographic information, author abstracts, and cited references from the leading scholarly science and technical journals in more than 150 disciplines.
- Provides access to research literature in chemistry and chemical engineering through Chemical Abstract's CAPLUS, CASREACT, and REGISTRY databases, and MEDLINE biomedical database. First-time users must set up an account here by using a QC computer workstation on campus. SciFinder should be accessed using Firefox or IE7. Users of IE8 need to activate “Compatibility View” with these instructions.
- Biomedical and Life Sciences, Medicine, Physics, etc.
- Web of Knowledge
- Common platform menu listing numerous Thomson Reuters (formerly ISI) databases: Derwent Innovations Index, Index to Organism Names, Journal Citation Reports, Medline, Web of Science. Subjects: Biology, Chemistry & Biochemistry, Engineering, Environmental Studies & Sciences, Geology, Health & Medicine, Physics, Technology.
- Web of Science
- Common platform menu listing Arts & Humanities Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index, and Sciences Citation Index Expanded, Conference Proceedings Citation Index: Science, Conference Proceedings Citation Index: Social Science & Humanities. Subjects: Multidisciplinary.
- Wiley Interscience
- Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Physics, and Psychology.
Most of the journals are available in electronic format (e-journals). Search journal packages listed below for specific journal titles. Use Find E-Journals database on the QC Libraries Home page to find more online journals available through the Library.
- Annual Reviews
- Provides definitive critical reviews of the scientific and social scientific research literature of 34 disciplines: Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics; Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics; Annual Review of Genetics; Annual Review of Microbiology.
- Cell Press Journals
- Publishes ten reputable peer-reviewed journals in molecular biology. Full text access is available for the following journals: Cell, Chemistry and Biology, Current Biology, Immunity, Molecular Cell, Neuron, and Structure.
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- The DOAJ site was created in an effort to list all the existing open access (free full text) journals. All subject areas are covered. Subjects of interest: Biology and Life Sciences; Agriculture; Animal Sciences; Aquaculture and Fisheries; Forestry; Nutrition and Food Sciences; Plant Sciences.
- Includes Nature, the multidisciplinary weekly journal of science, as well as Nature research journals and Nature Reviews journals, including: Nature Biotechnology, Nature Cell Biology, Nature Genetics, Nature Immunology, Nature Medicine, Nature Neuroscience, Nature Reviews Cancer, Nature Reviews Genetics, Nature Reviews Immunology, Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, and Nature Structural and Molecular Biology.
- Public Library of Science (PLoS)
- PLoS is a collection of peer-reviewed, open access journals that include original research in all areas of science and medicine. List of journals include: PLoS Biology; PLoS Medicine; PLoS Computational Biology; PLoS Genetics; PLoS Pathogens; PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases and PLoS ONE.
- Science Online
- Premier scholarly journal publishing original scientific research articles in all fields of science. Also includes sections for book reviews, editorials, job postings, news, and training.
In addition, you might consider searching the Internet/World Wide Web to locate valuable information in your field of study published by the federal government or government agencies, professional societies, academic institutions or research centers. Always evaluate the quality of information you identify and retrieve.
- AGRICOLA is a bibliographic database of citations to the agricultural literature produced by the National Agricultural Library (NAL) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
- GenBank sequence database is an open access, annotated collection of all publicly available nucleotide sequences and their protein translations. It is produced at National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) as part of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration. GenBank and its collaborators receive sequences produced in laboratories throughout the world from more than 100,000 distinct organisms. NCBI is part of the National Library of Medicine, a branch of the National Institutes of Health. The NCBI has had responsibility for making available the GenBank DNA sequence database since 1992.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) is the consumer-oriented online resource produced by the National Library of Medicine. This source provides a primer for genetics with basic explanations of key terms and concepts pertinent to genes and chromosomes, their function in humans, and related disorders/diseases.
- Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms (TGGT) is created by the National Human Genome Research Institute to help users understand the terms and concepts used in genetic research. In addition to definitions, specialists in the field of genetics share their descriptions of terms, and many terms include images, animation and links to related terms.
- U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service—Species The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is a bureau within the Department of the Interior. This site provides technical information about plant and animal species, updates on legislation and policy regarding species management, and details about species conservation status. Site sections include Endangered Species, Birds, Invasive Species, Pollinators, The Image Library, and Wildlife Fact Sheets.
Associations, Societies & Organizations
- American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
- American Society for Cell Biology
- American Society for Human Genetics
- American Society for Microbiology
- Genetics Society of America
- FishBase is the most comprehensive and widely consulted database on the world's fish species. It was developed at the WorldFish Center—an international scientific research center in conjunction with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN and other partners.
- Genetic Alliance is nonprofit health advocacy organization committed to transforming health through genetics. It connects members of parent and family groups, community organizations, disease-specific advocacy organizations, professional societies, educational institutions, corporations, and government agencies to create novel partnerships.
Universities & Colleges
- Audubon's Birds of America at the University of Pittsburgh (University of Pittsburgh)
- This database depicts 497 species. It is a product of Audubon's observations over more than 14 years.
- Biology @ CCNY Library (City College, CUNY; Prof. Claudia Lascar)
- Biology Research Guide created at the City College, City University of New York (CUNY).
- BioEd Online: Biology Teacher Resources (The Center for Collaborative and Interactive Technologies, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston)
- This source is intended for science teacher educators, K-16 teachers and student teachers.
- HealthLinks/Molecular Biologist (University of Washington)
- Learn.Genetics (University of Utah/Genetic Science Learning Center)
- Genetics Education Center (University of Kansas Medical Center)
- Aimed at educators interested in human genetics and the human genome project.